What does the green circle with a white tick mark icon mean?

VirusTotal makes use of the Green Circle checkmark symbol to indicate that the given file was not detected in any way by the antivirus under consideration. We do not use the word "clean" or "innocuous" because antivirus solutions do not tell you whether a file is goodware, they just flag maliciousness.

Other symbols that may appear are:

Antivirus positive verdict icon The antivirus under consideration detected this resource.
Antivirus Timeout icon Timeout while running this antivirus.
Antivirus Unsupported icon Unable to process file type.